Load Next. Although that relationship has become politically controversial, the vast majority of Puerto Rican voters have continued to favour permanent union with the United States, with a slightly greater favouring the current commonwealth relationship rather than statehood. You are not an island, but you probably know a lot about them.
Although some woodlands have been replanted since the midth century, introduced varieties of trees, shrubs, and grasses now predominate. Another Quiz About Islands. Northeast trade winds bring heavy rainfall to the north coast, while the south coast is in a rain shadow.
Full Article. Compared with its Greater Antillean neighbours, Puerto Rico is one-fifth as large as the Dominican Republic, one-third the size of Haitiand slightly smaller than Jamaica. The islands of Mona, Vieques, and Culebra are generally hilly but ringed by narrow coastal plains; Vieques rises to feet metres at Mount Pirata.
Drainage and soils
Subscribe Now. Beach on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. Hurricanes develop in the region between June and November and occasionally traverse the island, including a storm in that killed about 3, Puerto Ricans; other devastating but less lethal hurricanes occurred in,and Plant life is abundant and varied. See all media.
Two small islands off the east coast, Vieques and Culebraare administratively parts of Puerto Rico, as is Mona Island to the west. Many formerly cultivated and eroded areas in the mountains have been set aside as forest preserves. Show more.
The northwestern foothills and lowlands are characterized by karst features, including sinkholes sumideroscaverns, and eroded mogotesor haystack hills pepinos. External Websites. Puerto Rico is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the island covered by steep slopes.
The scarlet- and orange-flowered royal poincianaor flamboyant Delonix regiaand the African tulip tree Spathodea campanulata are among the flowering trees that dot the mountains with patches of vivid colour against a lush green background. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
The river courses on the south coast are dry most of the year, carrying water only after rainfall. Images Audio.
Puerto rico department of health agency information
Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation, although local conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. A small but persistent minority has advocated independence. The capital is San Juan. Highland temperatures average a few degrees lower.
Table Of Contents. Pockets of alluvial soils on the south coast are somewhat fertile, but all farmlands there are fertilized. Give Feedback External Websites.
It is roughly rectangular in shape, extending up to miles km from east to west and 39 miles 63 km from north to south. Powerful tectonic forces that over millions of years have created these features still occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico. Additional Info.
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The Caribbean National Forest in the Sierra de Luquillo southeast of San Juan preserves rare species of orchids and the small green Puerto Rican parrot, an endangered species. Britannica Quiz. Fast Facts. There is a continuous but narrow lowland along the north coast, where most people live, and smaller bands along the south and west coasts that also include densely populated areas.
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Show more Capital: San Juan Show more Population: est. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across the northern Caribbean to the Lesser Antilles. Facebook Twitter. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires.
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Rain falls each month of the year, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
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San Juan receives about 60 inches 1, mm of precipitation per year, whereas El Yunque Peak farther east receives inches 4, mmand Ponce on the south coast receives only 36 inches mm. Tropical rainforests cover parts of the north side of the island, and thorn and scrub vegetation predominates on the drier south side. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles 80 km east of the Dominican Republic40 miles 65 km west of the Virgin Islandsand 1, miles 1, km southeast of the U. It is situated in the northeastern Caribbean Seaits northern shore facing the Atlantic Ocean. Numerous varieties of fish abound in the surrounding waters, but edible and inedible species mingle together, limiting commercial fishing there.